Salty liquoricesalmiak liquorice or salmiac liquoriceis a variety of liquorice flavoured with the ingredient "salmiak salt" sal ammoniac ; ammonium chlorideand is a common confectionery found in the Nordic countriesBeneluxand northern Germany. Consuming salmiak liquorice can stimulate either a savoury or non-savoury palate and response.
Extra salty liquorice is additionally coated with salmiak salt or salmiak powder, or sometimes table salt. Salty liquorice candy and pastilles are almost always black or very dark brown and can range from soft candy to hard pastille variety, and sometimes hard brittle. The other colours used are white and variants of grey.
Salty liquorice or salmiak is also used as a flavouring in other products, such as ice creamssyrupschewing gum and alcoholic beverages. Sal ammoniac ammonium chloride has a history of being used as a cough medicineas it works as an expectorant. Different languages often refer to salty liquorice as either "salmiak liquorice" Swedish : Salmiaklakrits ; Danish : Salmiaklakridsor simply "salt liquorice" Swedish: Saltlakrits ; Danish: Saltlakrids.
A traditional shape for salty liquorice pastilles is a black diamond-shaped lozenge. In Finnishit is known as salmiakki. The strength of the confectionery depends on the amount of food grade ammonium chloride salmiak salt used, which varies by country and what's considered a safe amount.
Inthere was a European Union proposal to limit the amount to 0. An antibacterial effect can be attributed to the neutralization of the slightly acidic ammonium chloride pH about 5.
More than 7. In addition to being used in candy, salmiak is also used to flavour vodkachocolatedistilled rye brandyice cream, cola drinks, snusand meat. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the inorganic compound, see Salmiak inorganic compound. Swedish variety of extra salty liquorice candy.
Food portal Finland portal. The New York Times Magazine.Liquorice British English or licorice American English is a confection usually flavoured and coloured black with the extract of the roots of the liquorice plant Glycyrrhiza glabra. A wide variety of liquorice sweets are produced around the world. In North America, black licorice is distinguished from similar confectionery varieties that are not flavoured and coloured black with liquorice extract but commonly manufactured in the form of chewy ropes or tubes.
So called "black licorice" together with anise extract is also a widespread flavour in other forms of confectionery such as jellybeans. In addition to these, various other liquorice-based sweets are sold in the United Kingdom, such as liquorice allsorts. Dutch and Nordic liquorice characteristically contains ammonium chloride instead of sodium chlorideprominently so in salty liquorice. The essential ingredients of black liquorice confectionery are liquorice extract, sugar, and a binder.
Additional ingredients are extra flavouring, beeswax for a shiny surface, ammonium chloride and molasses. In order to obtain sweets of the desired shapes, the liquid is poured into molds that are created by impressing holes into a container filled with starch powder. The liquid is then dried and the resulting sweets are sprayed with beeswax to make their surface shiny.
The liquorice-root extract contains the natural sweetener glycyrrhizinwhich is over 50 times sweeter than sucrose. This ingredient has various pharmaceutical properties. It acts as an expectorant facilitating removal of mucus from the lungs by coughing and it increases blood pressure. Liquorice has several varied uses in herbal medicine, such as acting as a mild laxative by increasing prostaglandins. Some people report that black liquorice confectionery causes their stools to become green,  although this is probably due to the blue food colouring used by many manufacturers.
Alexander the Great supplied his troops with rations of liquorice root whilst marching because of its thirst-quenching qualities. An excessive amount of black liquorice consumption can cause a chloride -resistant metabolic alkalosis.
In many countries there is also a product sometimes known as red liquorice which is extruded in a way to resemble liquorice strings but made with main flavourings other than liquorice, such as strawberrycherryraspberryor cinnamon.
More recently similar products have been introduced in a wider variety of colours and flavours including applemangoblackcurrantand watermelonamong others. While the common name for this confectionery has now become "red liquorice" or often simply "liquorice", it does not have the taste of liquorice.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Type of candy. Journal of Human Hypertension. Brenna E. Tresca, About.
Retrieved 22 March New Alresford: O Books. Categories : Confectionery Yorkshire cuisine Finnish confectionery British confectionery German confectionery Liquorice Liquorice confectionery. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Use dmy dates from December Commons category link is locally defined. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
We are not suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, simply that you have additional options available for treating illnesses. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments.
The leaves are ternately divided, the leaflets ovate or oblong-ovate, and pointed. The greenish-yellow to purplish-brown often striped flowers grow in a thick, fleshy spike which is hooded by a green and purplish-brown bract called a spathe.
The cup-like spathe, with a curved flap overhanging the erect spadix, and the 3 terminal leaflets distinguish this species. The fresh roots have an acrid, burning effect and are considered poisonous. Flowering time is from April to June.
Berries are clustered and scarlet. Other varieties: A. French name: Pomme blanche, or Pomme de Prairie. Back to Top. Grows mainly in moist woods in the states east from Louisiana, Kansas, and Minnesota. The root when first dug is too fiercely acrid for internal use; it will leave a burning impression on the tongue, lips and faces, like a severe scalding, followed by inflammation and tenderness, which may be somewhat mollified by milk.
Used in American medicine during the 19th century for asthma, rheumatism, hoarseness, sore and sensitive mouth and tongue, cough, colds, chronic laryngitis, stomatitis, colic, flatulence, facial paralysis, numbness, dizziness, strokes, lockjaw, spasms of the hands and feet, swelling from snakebites, and whooping cough. A poultice or liniment used for sores, ulcers, boils, abscesses, ringworm, scrofulous sores, swellings caused by trauma and injuries, scalp eruptions tinea capitistumors, and as a gargle.
Since the fresh root is dangerously irritating to mucous membranes and the dried root is inactive, the roots were used partially dried. Among the Native Americans, the Pawnee applied the powdered root to the head to cure headache, and the Hopis drank it in water to induce temporary or permanent sterility. Thorough drying, boiling, or heating makes the root edible. The common Indian turnip will relieve the rash and itch of poison ivy or poison oak.
Indian turnip, or Jack-in-the-Pulpit as it is called, can be scraped and applied to the rash. Take care around the eyes, do not put juice in the eyes When the blisters have flattened, apply cold cream to heal the rash faster. The roots are known to be a powerful emetic and one used by Native Americans. The fresh or partially dried root is too dangerous for use without medical supervision.
Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc. Planetary Herbologyby Michael Tierra, C. WI Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. But websites are not free to host or maintain. By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses.
Comments Posts. Site Navigation. We wish you peace and health! Indian Turnip. Become a Patron! Recent Posts. Thank you for your support.The liquorice plant is a herbaceous perennial legume native to the Western Asia and southern Europe. Liquorice flavours are used as candies or sweeteners, particularly in some European and West Asian countries.
Liquorice extracts have been used in herbalism and traditional medicine. The flowers are 0. Much of the sweetness in liquorice comes from glycyrrhizinwhich has a sweet taste, 30—50 times the sweetness of sugar. The sweetness is very different from sugar, being less instant, tart, and lasting longer. The isoflavene glabrene and the isoflavane glabridinfound in the roots of liquorice, are phytoestrogens. Liquorice, which grows best in well-drained soils in deep valleys with full sun, is harvested in the autumn two to three years after planting.
Most liquorice was once used as a flavouring agent for tobacco for flavour enhancing and moistening agents in the manufacture of American blend cigarettesmoist snuffchewing tobaccoand pipe tobacco. Liquorice flavour is found in a wide variety of candies or sweets. In most of these candies, the taste is reinforced by aniseed oil so the actual content of liquorice is very low. Liquorice confections are primarily purchased by consumers in Europe, but are also popular in other countries such as Australia and New Zealand.
In the Netherlands, liquorice confectionery drop is one of the most popular forms of sweets. It is sold in many forms. Mixing it with mintmentholaniseedor laurel is quite popular. Mixing it with ammonium chloride salmiak is also popular. A popular example of salmiak liquorice in the Netherlands is known as zoute drop salty liquoricebut contains very little salt, i. Dried sticks of the liquorice root are also a traditional confectionery in their own right in the Netherlands, although their popularity has quickly waned in recent decades.
They were sold simply as sticks of zoethout 'sweet wood' to chew on as a candy.
Through chewing and suckling, the intensely sweet flavour is released. The sweetness is 30 to 50 times as strong as sucrose, without causing damage to teeth. Since about the s, zoethout has become rarer and been replaced by easier to consume candies including 'drop'.
Pontefract in YorkshireEngland, was the first place where liquorice mixed with sugar began to be used as a sweet in the same way it is today. In Italy particularly in the southSpain and France, liquorice is popular in its natural form.
The root of the plant is simply dug up, washed, dried, and chewed as a mouth freshener. In Calabria a popular liqueur is made from pure liquorice extract. Liquorice is used in Syria and Egypt, where it is sold as a drink, in shops as well as street vendors. Properties of glycyrrhizin are under preliminary research, such as for hepatitis C or topical treatment of psoriasisbut the low quality of studies as of prevents conclusions about efficacy and safety.Medically reviewed by Drugs.
Licorice is a common flavoring agent and food product. When used as a food product, licorice is not likely to produce health benefits or side effects. When used as a medicinal product, licorice may produce both desired and unwanted effects on the body. Licorice has been used in alternative medicine as a possibly effective aid in treating heartburn when combined with other plants or extracts in a specific preparation.
Licorice may also be possibly effective in treating symptoms of eczema itching, swelling, redness when applied to the skin. Other uses not proven with research have included treating psoriasiscanker soresirritable bowel syndromehigh cholesterolmuscle cramps, cancer pain, arthritis, bleeding, stomach ulcers, and many other conditions. It is not certain whether licorice is effective in treating any medical condition. Medicinal use of this product has not been approved by the FDA.
Licorice should not be used in place of medication prescribed for you by your doctor. Licorice is often sold as an herbal supplement. There are no regulated manufacturing standards in place for many herbal compounds and some marketed supplements have been found to be contaminated with toxic metals or other drugs. Follow all directions on the product label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergiesand all medicines you use.
Ask a doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider if it is safe for you to use this product if you have:. The use of licorice as a flavoring agent or food product is likely to be safe during pregnancy. However, taking large amounts of licorice during pregnancy may increase your risk of miscarriage or premature labor. Do not use this product if you are pregnant. It is not known whether licorice passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this product if you are breast-feeding a baby.
When considering the use of herbal supplements, seek the advice of your doctor. If you choose to use licorice, use it as directed on the package or as directed by your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider. Do not use more of this product than is recommended on the label.
Do not use different forms powder, root, extract, liquid, teas, etc of licorice at the same time without medical advice. Using different formulations together increases the risk of an overdose.
Do not take topical for the skin licorice by mouth.
Licorice – A Home Remedy For Toenail Fungus That You Can Try
Topical forms of this product are for use only on the skin. Call your doctor if the condition you are treating with licorice does not improve, or if it gets worse while using this product. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose.
Do not use extra licorice to make up the missed dose. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with licorice and lead to unwanted side effects.
Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor. Avoid using chewing tobacco that is flavored with licorice. This product could raise your blood pressure or cause serious side effects.
This includes digitalis, lily-of-the-valley, pheasant's eye, and squill. This includes aloe vera taken by mouthbuckthorn, cascara sagradacastor oilrhubarb, and senna. Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction : hives ; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Although not all side effects are known, licorice is thought to be possibly safe when taken for a short period of time no longer than 4 weeks.
Long-term use of licorice may cause serious side effects. Stop using this product and call your healthcare provider at once if you have:.Also called onychomycosis a toenail fungus infection usually causes little discomfort at first and is only recognizable by a slight change in shine or color of the nail.
However, as it develops symptoms will worsen so it really needs to be treated as soon as you can. If you visit your doctor or a podiatrist foot doctor they will prescribe a medicated treatment, most likely a systemic drug in the form of a pill, but these have potentially very serious side effects.
For that reason, people are looking for other options that are effective but safer. Licorice home remedy for toenail fungus is something some people have had success with but no matter what type or form of treatment you choose you are going to need perseverance and patience. A completely healthy nail takes 6 months plus to grow through and apart from laser treatment, this means you need to daily use your chosen treatment for that amount of time.
Licorice is a root from the plant Glycyrrhiza glabra which is a legume native to parts of Asia and southern Europe. It is used for various purposes, in the UK it is eaten as a sweet, in fact, the compound that gives it its sweetness, glycyrrhizin is sweeter than sugar but also has anti-viral properties.
It is also used in cooking, for medicinal purposes, and in traditional Chinese medicine. Other medicinal uses for licorice apart from as a home remedy for toenail fungus include coughrheumatoid arthritis, ulcers, laxatives, hinglesherpes, sore throat. Products that use Licorice use the root, either peeled or unpeeled. You can get powdered root, and finely cut root, and use it in the form of a tea, capsules, tablets and a liquid.
If you decide to try licorice as a home remedy for toenail fungus there is the option to get extracts that do not contain the chemical glycyrrhizin, which is believed to be what causes some undesirable side effects of using licorice medicinally. Extracts without this chemical are called de- glycyrrhizinated licorice or DGL.
Add 6 teaspoons of powdered licorice to 1 cup of boiling water.
Food Profile: Indigenous Nigerian herbs and spices
Reduce heat and simmer for 20 minutes. Strain and then allow to cool. Use a cotton ball and apply to the infected area three times a day. Make a tea with it and drink for a systemic approach. Even though this is a herbal treatment licorice can interact with other medications so make sure you check with your doctor first.
Side effects of having too much glycyrrhizin in your body include. Headaches, fatigue, high blood pressure, water retention, pain or numbness in legs and arms.Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Oct 22, Used historically for GI complaints, licorice is primarily used as a flavoring agent in the tobacco and candy industries and to some extent in the pharmaceutical and beverage industries today.
The chemical compounds found in licorice have been investigated for a variety of uses including cancer therapy as well as for their antiviral activity. Licorice root has been used in daily doses from mg to 15 g for ulcer and gastritis. Higher doses given for extended periods of time may pose a risk of hyperkalemia. The acceptable daily intake ADI for glycyrrhizin is suggested to be 0.
Use during pregnancy should be avoided. Licorice exhibits estrogenic activity and has reputed abortifacient effects. There is no clinical evidence to support the use of licorice tea as a galactogogue. Negative effects on pubertal maturation, neuroendocrine function, cognition, and behavior of children born to women who consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have been documented.
At lower dosages or normal consumption levels, few adverse reactions are evident. Ocular effects and hypersensitivity have been described. Hypertension and hypokalemia are recognized effects of excessive licorice consumption. Toxicity from excessive licorice ingestion is well established. Mutagenicity and teratogenicity studies have generally shown no ill effects.
The name glycyrrhiza is derived from Greek words meaning "sweet roots. Most commercial licorice is extracted from several varieties of G. The most common variety, G. Turkey, Greece, Iran, and Iraq supply most commercial licorice. The variety grown in the United States is G. Chinese licorice is derived from the related species G.
Up Close & Edible: Licorice
Therapeutic use of licorice dates back to the Roman Empire. Licorice also figures prominently in Chinese herbal medicine. It is used in modern medicinals chiefly as a flavoring agent that masks bitter agents, such as quinine, and in cough and cold preparations for its expectorant activity. Most licorice candy in the United States is actually flavored with anise, not licorice. A sample of licorice from AD was analyzed and found to still contain detectable active principles after 1, years.
Licorice root contains a variety of compounds, including triterpenoids, polyphenols, and polysaccharides starches, mannose, and sucrose. Polyphenols include certain phenolic acids, such as liquiritin, flavones and flavans; chalcones; and isoflavonoids, such as glabridin.
Plant gums, resins, and essential oils have been extracted; however, the root is cultivated for the principle active glycoside glycyrrhizin. A high-pressure liquid chromotography method to compare the bioavailability of glycyrrhizic acid whether in licorice root or in pure glycyrrhiza extract has been published. These compounds can now be assayed in blood, urine, and bile. Glycyrrhetic acid has shown anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic activity in animal studies, which may be due to prostaglandin E 2 inhibitory qualities demonstrated by several glycyrrhizin analogs.
Japanese researchers found that licorice could aid in the clearance of excess immune complexes in mice with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Historically, licorice and its extracts have been used in China and Japan to treat chronic viral hepatitis. Inhibition of viral binding to host cell membranes and viral replication, as well as interference with cellular signal transduction have been suggested. Animal and human studies suggest a more complex mechanism involving induction of interferon production via effects of T-cell function.